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64113072.pdf341.17 kB
title大きさと重力の生物学: 宇宙実験計画の指針
Other TitleBiology of Size and Gravity: Guideline for Planning Space Experiments
Author(jpn)馬場, 昭次; 跡見, 順子; 石井, 直方; 中村, 輝子; 最上, 善広; 仲矢, 史雄; 山下, 雅道
Author(eng)Baba, Shoji A.; Atomi, Yoriko; Ishii, Naokata; Nakamura, Teruko; Mogami, Yoshihiro; Nakaya, Fumio; Yamashita, Masamichi
Author Affiliation(jpn)お茶の水女子大学人間文化研究科; 東京大学大学院総合文化研究科; 東京大学大学院総合文化研究科; さくら研究所; お茶の水女子大学理学部生物学科; お茶の水女子大学理学部生物学科; 宇宙航空研究開発機構宇宙科学研究本部
Author Affiliation(eng)Graduate School of Humanities and Sciences, Ochanomizu University; Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo; Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo; Institute of SAKURA Science; Department of Advanced Bioscience, Ochanomizu Univerisity; Department of Advanced Bioscience, Ochanomizu Univerisity; Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (ISAS)(JAXA)
Issue Date2006-03
PublisherInstitute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
宇宙航空研究開発機構宇宙科学研究本部
Publication titleSpace Utilization Research: Proceedings of Space Utilization Symposium
宇宙利用シンポジウム
Volume22
Publication date2006-03
Languagejpn
eng
AbstractScope of space and gravitational biology is discussed from a viewpoint of biology of size. Physical size of cells and individual body is a fundamental property of biology, which closely relates to matter, energy and information of living systems. Recent topics of allometry are summarized here. Analysis of biological quantities of many species and individuals with regression to power equations is a powerful tool to identify responsible mechanism underlying. Research objectives of space and gravitational biology could be elucidated and stated with such a systematic way. Action of gravity on biological systems and response of living organisms are understood with the central concept of biology, i.e. evolution and adaptation. If sensing gravitational vector to orient body or equipping anti-gravitational component is cost effective and paid off for improving the fitness of organisms, then they invest their limited resources for it. Economy of biological systems trade works in this way, which is called "symmorphosis." Selection of research subjects and test species should be made by choosing phenomena that indicate "good to pay for gravity". Molecular biology provides useful tools, once appropriate subjects are set for space science.
DescriptionMeeting Information: The Twenty-second Space Utilization Symposium (January 17-19, 2006: Science Council of Japan, Roppongi, Tokyo, Japan)
Meeting sponsors: The Science Council of Japan, The Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (ISAS)(JAXA)
会議情報: 第22回宇宙利用シンポジウム(2006年1月17日-19日, 日本学術会議6階会議室 六本木、東京)
共催: 日本学術会議
KeywordsAllometry, Size, Gravity
Document TypeConference Paper
JAXA Categoryシンポジウム・研究会
NCIDAN10324210
SHI-NOAA0064113072
URIhttps://repository.exst.jaxa.jp/dspace/handle/a-is/15294


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