JAXA Repository / AIREX 未来へ続く、宙(そら)への英知
Other TitleThermal and combustion characteristics of 1,2,4-triazole-3-one copper complex nitrate
Author(jpn)大貫, 学; 吉野, 悟; 三宅, 淳巳; 富山, 昇吾; 羽生, 宏人; 小森谷, 友絵; 坂本, 恵一
Author(eng)Ohnuki, Manabu; Yoshino, Satoru; Miyake, Atsumi; Tomiyama, Shogo; Habu, Hiroto; Komoriya, Tomoe; Sakamoto, Keiichi
Author Affiliation(jpn)日本大学; 日本大学; 横浜国立大学; 株式会社ダイセル; 宇宙航空研究開発機構宇宙科学研究所宇宙飛翔工学研究系(JAXA)(ISAS); 日本大学; 日本大学
Author Affiliation(eng)Nihon University; Nihon University; Yokohama National University; Daicel Corporation; Department of Space Flight Systems, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)(ISAS); Nihon University; Nihon University
Issue Date2015-03-13
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
Publication title宇宙航空研究開発機構研究開発報告: 高エネルギー物質研究会: 平成26年度研究成果報告書
JAXA Research and Development Report
Start page33
End page39
Publication date2015-03-13
Abstract本研究の目的は,ガス発生剤として1,2,4-トリアゾール-3-オン銅錯体硝酸塩(TOCu)を合成し,熱的特性および初期分解機構の検討からTOCuの反応性に及ぼすCuの影響を検討することである.ガス発生剤としての性能評価は燃焼試験により行った.TOCuは,1,2,4-トリアゾール-3-オン(TO)および硝酸銅(Ⅱ)・3水和物(Cu(NO3)2・3H2O)を用いて合成した.元素分析の結果からTOCuは,Cu2+-bis[(C2H3N3O)(NO3)(-)]・2H2Oとして合成された. TOCuの熱的特性を検討し,発熱量および発熱ピークの鋭さからTOおよびTO/Cu(NO3)2・3H2Oのそれらより反応性が向上されたことがわかった.生成ガス分析からTOCuは,N2,H2O, HNCO, HCN,CO2,CO,NOx ,NH3のガスが生成されることがわかった.TOCuの燃焼特性の検討し,Vieille's の式に従い圧力指数を算出し,0.6451であることがわかった.
In order to obtain a better understanding of the thermal characteristics and combustion characteristics of 1,2,4-triazole-3-one copper complex (TOCu), elemental analysis, infrared spectrometry (IR), X-ray diffraction(XRD), sealed cell-differential scanning calorimetry (SC-DSC), themogravimetry-differential thermal analysis-mass spectrometry (TG-DTA-MS) and burning test were performed. TOCu was synthesized from 1,2,4-triazole-3-one (TO) and trihydrated copper nitrate (Cu(NO3)2・3H2O). TOCu was obtained as 〔Cu(2+)(C2N3H3O)2(NO3)(-)2・2H2O〕. From the DSC results, the heat of reaction of TOCu was larger than those of pure TO and TO/Cu(NO3)2・3H2O mixtures. The exothermic peak of TOCu sharply became compared with those of pure TO and TO/Cu(NO3)2・3H2O mixtures. It was found that the reactivity of TOCu was improved to compared with those of pure TO and TO/Cu(NO3)2・3H2O mixtures. TG-DTA-MS curves of TOCu were showed from 3 steps of mass loss, exothermic peak and decomposition gases in the temperature ranges were 100-180 C, 200-260 C and 300-360 C. From the results of TG-DTA-MS, the gases evolved from TOCu were determined as N2, H2O, HNCO, HCN, CO2, CO, NOx and NH3 at 100-360 C. From burning test results, the burning rate of TOCu was calculated by pressure exponent 0.6451 based on Vieille's law.
Description形態: カラー図版あり
Physical characteristics: Original contains color illustrations
Keywordsgas-generating agents; 1,2,4-triazole-3-one cooper complex; combustion characteristics; thermal characteristics
Document TypeTechnical Report
JAXA Category研究開発報告
NASA Subject CategoryPropellants and Fuels
Report NoJAXA-RR-14-005

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