JAXA Repository / AIREX 未来へ続く、宙(そら)への英知
title宇宙放射線遮蔽材料の新規開発に向けたPHITSによる検討
Other TitlePHITS Simulation for Development of Space Radiation Shielding Materials
Author(jpn)後藤, 亜希; 島﨑, 一紀; 木本, 雄吾; 松本, 晴久; 永松, 愛子
Author(eng)Goto, Aki; Shimazaki, Kazunori; Kimoto, Yugo; Matsumoto, Haruhisa; Nagamatsu, Aiko
Author Affiliation(jpn)宇宙航空研究開発機構(JAXA); 宇宙航空研究開発機構(JAXA); 宇宙航空研究開発機構(JAXA); 宇宙航空研究開発機構(JAXA); 宇宙航空研究開発機構(JAXA)
Author Affiliation(eng)Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA); Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA); Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA); Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA); Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
Issue Date2017-02-15
Publisher宇宙航空研究開発機構(JAXA)
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
Publication title宇宙航空研究開発機構特別資料: 第13回「宇宙環境シンポジウム」講演論文集
JAXA Special Publication: Proceedings of the 13th Spacecraft Environment Symposium
VolumeJAXA-SP-16-010
Start page19
End page24
Publication date2017-02-15
Languagejpn
eng
AbstractJAXA is planning future manned space missions following the International Space Station (ISS) mission, such as a long-term stay onboard lunar orbital station and exploration of the Moon and Mars. Outside the geomagnetic field, where the Moon/Mars missions will be performed, astronauts are exposed to high linear energy transfer (LET) radiations namely galactic cosmic rays (GCR) and solar energetic particles (SEP). As high-LET radiations cause significant biological damage, the development of radiation protection technologies is desired to safely carry out the future manned missions. Under this background, we undertake a study of space radiation shielding materials. In this paper, we introduce the PHITS (Particle and Heavy Ion Transport Code System) simulation results of the shielding effects of hydrogen rich or multi-layer materials. Hydrogen is known as the most effective element for space radiation shielding. Then, hydrogen storage materials were selected as a candidate of hydrogen-rich shielding material. The shielding effects of the hydrogen storage materials such as ammonia borane (NH3BH3) and lithium borohydride (LiBH4) against GCR/GCR+SEP were simulated by PHITS. As a result, the shielding effects of them were almost the same as polyethylene (PE), standard shielding material. Therefore, hydrogen storage materials are not more useful for space radiation shielding than PE. Additionally, the shielding effects of aluminium (Al, standard structure and shielding material for spacecraft)/resin 2-layer material against GCR/GCR+SEP were simulated by PHITS. Consequently, the shielding effects of Al/resin 2-layer material were higher than Al. This result suggests that materials consisting of low atomic number (Z) elements are effective for space radiation shielding.
Description会議情報: 第13回宇宙環境シンポジウム (2016年11月1日-2日. 情報通信研究機構 本部 国際会議室), 小金井市, 東京
形態: カラー図版あり
Meeting Information: The 13th Spacecraft Environment Symposium (November 1-2, 2016. National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Koganei, Tokyo, Japan
Physical characteristics: Original contains color illustrations
KeywordsSpace Radiation; Radiation Shielding Materials; PHITS
Document TypeConference Paper
JAXA Category特別資料
NASA Subject CategorySpacecraft Design, Testing and Performance
ISSN1349-113X
NCIDAA11984031
SHI-NOAA1630038004
Report NoJAXA-SP-16-010
URIhttps://repository.exst.jaxa.jp/dspace/handle/a-is/599460


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