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titleImproved scientific ballooning applied to the cryo-sampling experiment at Syowa Station
Other Title昭和基地における低温サンプリング実験に応用する改良された科学気球技術
Author(jpn)矢島 信之; 本田 秀之; 青木 周司; 橋田 元; 森本 真司; 町田 敏暢; 岡野 章一
Author(eng)Yajima, Nobuyuki; Honda, Hideyuki; Aoki, Shuji; Hashida, Gen; Morimoto, Shinji; Machida, Toshinobu; Okano, Shoichi
Author Affiliation(jpn)宇宙科学研究所; 宇宙科学研究所; 東北大学 理学部; 国立極地研究所; 国立極地研究所; 国立環境研究所; 国立極地研究所
Author Affiliation(eng)Institute of Space and Astronautical Science; Institute of Space and Astronautical Science; Tohoku University Faculty of Science; National Institute of Polar Research; National Institute of Polar Research; National Institute for Environmental Studies; National Institute of Polar Research
Issue Date1999-09
Publication titleAdvances in polar upper atmosphere research
Advances in polar upper atmosphere research
Start page167
End page175
Publication date1999-09
AbstractOn January 3, 1998, a large balloon (30,000 cu m) was successfully launched at Syowa Station for the cryo-sampling of the stratospheric atmosphere. The sampling system splashed down in the Lutzow-Holm Bay and recovered by icebreaker SHIRASE. The cryo-sampling at Antarctica was the first trial in the world and the recovery of a heavy payload was also the first challenge at Syowa Station. A lot of new ballooning technologies were applied to this operation, such as compact balloon launching equipments, a reliable recovery system, a handy ground radio station for the balloon tracking and data acquisition and so forth. The realtime flight data could be received at National Institute of Polar Research (NIPR) in Tokyo by using the computer network via INMARSAT (International Maritime Satellite Organization). At NIPR the collaboration members could monitor the entire process of the experiment at Syowa Station in detail and send some instructions and advice. This balloon experiment showed an extended possibility of a large scale scientific ballooning at Syowa Station. This paper deals with those newly developed balloon engineering technologies.
KeywordsAntarctica; Syowa Station; geomagnetic field; stratospheric polar wind; aurora; remote support; cryo sampling; NOx density; PPB; polar patrol balloon; payload recovery; 南極大陸; 昭和基地; 地球磁場; 成層圏極地風; オーロラ; 遠隔支援; 低温サンプリング; NOx密度; PPB; 極地探索気球; 搭載物回収
Document TypeTechnical Report

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